LTL SHIPPING | Understanding NMFC Numbers and Descriptions

A lady holding a sign,” Be careful”, about a Bill of Lading in LTL shipping
LTL SHIPPING | Understanding NMFC Numbers and Descriptions

LTL Shipping Pro Tip # 34

Leaving out the NMFC (National Motor Freight Classification) from a BOL (Bill of Lading) in LTL shipping can result in reclassification to 150.

As noted below from a National LTL carrier, if you leave off the description and/or NMFC, the item may be subject to a minimum class 150 being applied for rating.

Be sure to have the proper NMFC description, class, and NMFC Item Number as well as dimensions on each load for a proper rating.

When our clients use our TMS platform, they should be doing the same thing, as it is the responsibility of the shipper to properly fill out the Bill of Lading with the correct information.

Avoid Costly Errors: The Impact of Incorrect Information on LTL Shipments' Bill of Lading

What is an adequate description?  Here’s a direct quote from the NMFC publication:

"When the commodity description on a bill of lading fails to conform to item 360, section 2 of the NMF 100 such that the commodity(s) shipped cannot be identified, the shipment may be subject to inspection per Tariff 100, Item 364. If the commodity is not identifiable upon immediate, visual inspection, the carrier reserves the right to use total shipment density to assign the shipment an NMFC class based on the table below to protect the packaging integrity of the shipment in question. If the bill of lading lacks a valid commodity description as well as a valid NMFC class, the shipment may be subject to a minimum class of 150."

If you need help in resolving NMFCs reclassification issues, and Weights & Inspections (W&Is) or are looking for a completely managed LTL freight company for your entire supply chain, reach out to the team here at Diversified Transportation Services. You can request an LTL shipping quote from us by clicking here.

Not sure if you’re following best practices for shipping or receiving?  We have a free guide to help you – to download, just click here. Happy Shipping!

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